Winter snow accumulation and summer snow and ice ablation were measured at South Cascade Glacier, Washington, to estimate glacier mass-balance quantities for balance year 2003. Combined Ice and Water Balances of Maclure Glacier, California, South Cascade Glacier, Washington, and Wolverine and Gulkana Glaciers, Alaska, 1967 Hydrologic Year: RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN HYDROLOGY OF THESE GLACIERS. The 2003 glacier-average maximum winter snow balance was 2.66 meters water equivalent, which was about equal to the average of such balances for the glacier since balance year 1959. Since the late 1950s, the USGS has maintained a long-term glacier mass-balance program at three North American glaciers. South Fork Cascade River Starts in lowland old growth, climbs to glaciated alpine terrain – USGS gauging station at snout of South Cascade Glacier. Figure 2 shows trends for three “benchmark” glaciers: South Cascade Glacier in Washington state, Wolverine Glacier near Alaska’s southern coast, and Gulkana Glacier in Alaska’s interior. Regional physical and climatic setting Geology Since the late 1950s, the USGS has maintained a long-term glacier mass-balance program at three North American glaciers. English: South Cascade Glacier in the North Cascades of Washington State, USA. Thumbnail Medium Original. Available data for this site Click to hide station-specific text . Instrument locations together with selected snowline positions are shown on plate 3A. Measurements began on South Cascade Glacier, WA in 1958, expanding to Gulkana and Wolverine glaciers, AK in 1966, and later Sperry Glacier, MT in 2005. Wolverine Glacier and South Cascade Glacier are the other two monitoring sites. A composite image showing South Cascade glacier in Washington state (year 2000, left, 2006, right). The Video of the USGS Washington Water Science Center team leaving the South Cascade Glacier field site via helicopter. U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4265. The study monitors climate, glacial movement, glacial runoff, glacier mass-balance, and stream runoff. USGS 12181120 SOUTH CASCADE GLACIER HUT 2 NEAR MARBLEMOUNT, WA. Since the late 1950s, the USGS has maintained a long-term glacier mass-balance program at three North American glaciers. South Cascade Glacier, Washington, U.S.A., is one of the most extensively studied glaciers in the Western Hemisphere. Data was first collected from this glacier in 1959. ABSTRACT. 2, table 4, fig. As we continue to learn how glaciers respond to climate change, the close linkages to ecosystems and human populations far beyond their local environment becomes increasingly apparent. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site. South Cascade Glacier as seen in 1928 (left) and 2006 (right) (Source: USGS). Stream Site. The core of this collection is composed of mass balance data from the USGS Benchmark Glaciers. Additional Resources. DESCRIPTION: Latitude 48°21'53", Longitude 121°03'53" NAD27 Skagit County, Washington, Hydrologic Unit 17110005 Datum of gage: 1,843 feet above NGVD29. Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. The value for δ (s) for the glacier was estimated to be 0.05 m and 0.03 for the basin on the basis of precipitation and temperature records (pl. Water, Ice, and Meteorological Measurements at South Cascade Glacier, Washington, Balance Year 2002. Additionally, common-midpoint data was collected at specific glacier locations. All profiles are linked to coincident GPS observations. Cover: Photograph of South Cascade Glacier, Washington, from the north-northwest, August 24, 2005 (photograph by Willian Bidlake, U.S. Geological Survey). The climate is continental, characterized by a large range in temperatures, and irregular, lighter precipitation as compared to more coastal areas. South Cascade Glacier, looking approximately south, October 5, 2000 U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4165 science for a changing world WATER, ICE, AND METEOROLOGICAL MEASUREMENTS AT SOUTH CASCADE GLACIER, WASHINGTON, 2000-01 … Combined Ice and Water Balances of Gulkana and Wolverine Glaciers, Alaska, and South Cascade Glacier, Washington, 1965 and 1966 Hydrologic Years: TABLE OF CONTENTS. This glacier has been classified as one of the ‘reference glaciers’ by the World Glacier Monitoring Service because it has received continuous long-term observations dating back to the year 1952/53. Measurements began on South Cascade Glacier, WA in 1958, expanding to Gulkana and Wolverine glaciers, AK in 1966, and later Sperry Glacier, MT in 2005. Glaciers store precipitation as ice, transport it away from where it was deposited, then release it as water, sometimes centuries or millennia later. Public domain.) These five glaciers are Lemon Creek Glacier, AK (1953 -Present), South Cascade Glacier, WA (1958 - Present), Gulkana and Wolverine glaciers, AK (1966 - Present), and Sperry Glacier, MT (2005 - Present). The main trunk of the glacier has a southerly aspect, and is fed by four cirques with west, south, and east aspects. South Cascade Glacier in 1991 (USGS) Changes Through Time. In addition to mass-balance measurements, which date to 1958, numerous hydrological investigations have been carried out during the last three decades, and repeated ice-thickness determinations have been made using a variety of techniques. Available data for this site . Geological Survey Professional Paper 715—A. 4). Location in Skagit County, Washington. Mount Rainier has approximately 26 glaciers. Winter snow accumulation and summer snow and ice ablation were measured at South Cascade Glacier, Washington, to estimate glacier mass-balance quantities for balance year 2003. Wilderness Watch is a national nonprofit wilderness conservation organization dedicated to the protection and proper stewardship of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Since 1966 when the USGS began collecting annual mass balance data, the mass of Gulkana Glacier has been decreasing by 0.4 meters per year on average. The .gov means it’s official. 4K Scenic Drive - Palouse Roads, Washington State | 3 Hour of Road Drive with Soothing Music - Duration: 3:00:36. South Cascade Glacier is located at the head of the South Fork of the Cascade River, a tributary to the Skagit River, which flows into Puget Sound about 100 km to the west. 4K Relaxation Channel Recommended for you Mount Rainier, Washington, at 14,410 feet (4,393 meters), the highest peak in the Cascade Range, is a dormant volcano whose glacier ice cover exceeds that of any other mountain in the conterminous United States. South Cascade Glacier is a temperate mountain glacier located in the Cascade Mountains, Washington. A new study today found a sharp rise in the melt rate of three key American glaciers … U.S. Geological Survey researchers conducted time-series ground-penetrating radar (GPR) surveys with a Sensors and Software 500-MHz Pulse Ekko Pro system. The distribution of snow cover over the basin and the late-winter snow balance, m (s), were measured on May 12, 1965 (pl. Geological Survey Professional Paper 715—B. TABLE 4.—Ice and water balances, South Cascade Glacier basin, 1967 hydrologic and balance years Unmarked access road leaves hairpin on N. Fork Cascade R. Road; rough but we made it carefully in a front-wheel drive station wagon; high water or wet conditions might require higher clearance. Amazing Trip through South Cascade River: Climbers Trail / USGS ""trail"" to South Cascade Lake, Glacier, Mountains, and USGS palace on the ridge above the lake and glacier. It contains more than five times the glacier area of all the other Cascade volcanoes combined. USGS photo, October 2000. Water, Ice, Meteorological, and Speed Measurements at South Cascade Glacier, Washington, 1999 Balance Year By Robert M. Krimmel. PROVISIONAL DATA SUBJECT TO REVISION. Introduction. projects that occur in Wilderness, USGS South Cascade Glacier Research Station and Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail Post Construction Maintenance. Detailed Description 1928 black-and-white oblique-angle aerial photo of South Cascade Glacier, northwestern Washington State, looking approximately southeast. This data release contains ground-based (ski and snowmobile) as well as airborne common-offset profiles. The annual accumulation, a, was 2.59 m on the glacier or 1.99 m averaged over the drainage basin. Measurements began on South Cascade Glacier, WA in 1958, expanding to Gulkana and Wolverine glaciers, AK in 1966, and later Sperry Glacier, MT in 2005. By William R. Bidlake, Edward G. Josberger, and Mark E. Savoca. Instrumentation at South Cascade Glacier during the 1965 hydrologic year. Meier, MF, Tangborn, W, Mayo, LR and Post, A (1971) Combined ice and water balances of Gulkana and Wolverine glaciers, Alaska, and South Cascade Glacier, Washington, 1965 and 1966 hydrologic years. Cover. South Cascade Glacier in Washington experiences some of the highest precipitation levels in the lower 48 states of the USA, exceeding 4500mm per annum in some places. Abstract. 1928 South Cascade Glacier (Credit: USDA Forest Service, U.S. Geological Survey. ABSTRACT. USGS 12181090 SOUTH CASCADE MIDDLE TARN NEAR MARBLEMOUNT, WA. South Cascade Glacier in 1970 (USGS) South Cascade Glacier in 1979 (USGS) South Cascade Glacier in 1991 South Cascade Glacier in 1967 (USGS) South Cascade Glacier in 1972 (USGS) South Cascade Glacier 1988 . Gulkana Glacier is located along the south flank of the eastern Alaska Range. TABLE 4.—Snow, ice, and water balances, South Cascade Glacier, 1966 hydrologic and balance years [Parameter values and errors in meters except where indicated, Date: Hydrologic year, Oct. 1, 1965 (t 0), to Sept. 30, 1966 (t 1)] 3B), just 15 days before the time of maximum balance. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 715-A, 23. Historic hydrologic and meteorological data are compiled for South Cascade Glacier, Washington, USA, a site selected by the U.S. Geological Survey for long-term study of the response of a glacier to climate change and its effect on water resources.