By PMI Even though both parties are highly concerned with the successful implementation of projects, a project manager is focused on the success of one single project while the project portfolio manager concentrates on the overall success of all … The difference between a program and a portfolio is dependent on the kind o f relationship that exists . Now, project portfolio management is the collection of all projects and programs. Though a project and a program are distinct, the project management tools used to manage them are very similar. There is a difference: The Program Management's main role is to manage, from a high level, a group of related projects, while Project Portfolio Management's main role is to prioritize and select projects. Why Lump Together Project Portfolio Management and Program Management? Project portfolio management helps plan for future projects by giving managers better insights into where the smartest investments can be made. “A project management degree is the way to learn the technical, professional and strategic skills necessary to successfully manage a wide variety of projects. The Project Manager is part of the team. Or put another way you can fix two of the three but one of them must flex. Although, the words seem similar there are some differences. Here are two real world examples: First, an individual has an investment portfolio with the strategy of reaching retirement with a suitable set of assets (adjusted for risk). Customer Policies (Refund, Postponement, etc.). As you can see there is a different between program and project management. Thank you for your A2A. I often get this question – what’s the difference between project, program, and portfolio – the triple P’s in PPP management. This chapter introduces projects and project management, describes the differences between project, program, and portfolio management, discusses the role of the project, program, and portfolio manager, and Otherwise, people take a risk of walking into the office of business people who really understand portfolios and sounding ignorant. What is the difference between projectmanagement and program management? The distinctions people have offered in terms of Projects, Programs and Portflios are correct, so I’ll focus on another aspect of how I read the difference in priorities and operation between these three things. The main target of portfolio management is to decrease the risk of the stakeholders and maximize the profit of all stakeholders. What is the Difference Between Project, Program and Portfolio Management? For example, you’d want to plan a project or a program with a Gantt chart. Programs and projects are both in the realm of implementation. While portfolios and programs focus on a higher-level view of an organization’s activities, a project is a single undertaking: a series of tasks that aims to produce a specific product, service, or benefit within a defined timeline. Project management uses processes, methods and training, together with knowledge and skills of the project manager and team to deliver the required outputs. Most people have a common understanding of a project. Portfolio management settles at the top section of the pyramid, comprising all programs and projects to be handled. The field of project management has significantly evolved and expanded since its modern inception during the 1950s. For companies that work on a large number of projects, it makes sense to clearly delineate between PPM and project management. ... respected way to verify both your project and program management knowledge in one fell swoop. While the line between project management and project portfolio management is often quite blurred, there is a clear distinction between them. Since projects are investment and since most organizations have finite resources, it’s important to focus and pick the best investment choices. In other words, portfolios involve similar projects and programs. project ; program; project-management; program-management; 1 Answer. A leader of a strategic initiative needs to have an expert understanding of program management and be knowledgeable in the principles and application of portfolio management. On the other hand portfolio management is the practice of managing non-similar projects and programs. “What are the differences between portfolio management and program management?”. Greg Githens is the author of How to Think Strategically (2019). In general, program management involves much more of the big picture, strategic, corporate execution at a senior level with larger scale impact to company finances and business goal achievement. In addition to project management, organizations are embracing program and portfolio management to address enterprise-level needs. The difference between Project, Portfolio and Program Management. Strategic initiatives are transformative and involve stakeholders that do not have training in program and project management concepts. Many organizations still struggle to answer this question. The definition of “projects” are fairly uncontroversial – I tend to think of projects as “temporary endeavors undertaken to achieve a specific outcome or deliverable that is beneficial to the sponsoring organization.”. In PMI’s definition, programs are composed of highly related projects and using program management would achieve benefits that would be difficult if not impossible otherwise. The same principle applies: a portfolio decision is to invest or disinvest (that is, charter or cancel) a project or a program. (I find the PRINCE2 definition of a project a little vague hence less useful. For example, managers of. I teach project mgt introduction and struggle with the breakout definitions of these terms. But there are key differences between each role. Thanks again for your questions and comments. They alter the contents of the portfolio so that they can convince as sponsor that their work has merit. However, there are differences when you directly compare portfolio vs program management. Program management is the practice of managing similar projects. The difference between a program and a portfolio is dependent on the kind o f relationship that exists between various projects which have been grouped to gether. He or she assists in relationship and conflict management. Te Wu, the founder Project Management training firm PMO Advisory is among the few people in the world certified in Project (PMP), Program (PgMP), Portfolio (PfMP), and Risk Management … Tools and insights for turning vision into results, Need a strategic planning facilitator, implementation coach, neutral mediator, workshop, seminar, or hands-on program manager? For the ones who know, its obvious, but for those who dont, a little help is good. PM Network. In this regard, PPM and program management can be seen better as running parallel with one another rather than linearly along the organizational hierarchy. There is confusion between the term project management and program management. We often use these words interchangeably and, while they share some similarities, they have distinct meanings with key differences. While the roles of the project manager and program manager vary from company to company, there are some unique aspects that characterize the two. Having foundational project management education makes each step in the process more efficient, from scoping projects, communicating with stakeholders to risk planning. Operational Excellence or Strategic Excellence? P3M stands for "programme, portfolio and project management". Thanks to you, knowledge was enhanced. What About the Distinctions with Project Management? Portfolio management ensures that an organization can leverage its project selection and execution success. Merys summarised the differences: Portfolios: Strategic Grouping, Focus on maximising return on investment, Balanced mix of projects and programmes, Ongoing, Higher risk. They question of whether to invest in a project or cancel one is on that is based on strategy. These constraints include, but are not limited to, Scope, Time, Cost, Quality, Risk, and Resources.You can also refer to Max Wideman Glossary to read some other standard definitions of Project. A portfolio can have multiple non-similar projects without having a program because portfolio management deals with two or more non-related projects. Q1: How do project type and organizational complexity determine the use of project portfolio and program management in organizations? Where do you agree and disagree? Five Mental Anchors that Impede Your Strategic Initiative, Beginners Guide: Competent Strategic Initiatives, Volatility, Uncertainty, Complexity, & Ambiguity (VUCA), Four Recommendations for Effective Program Governance, Six Strategic Thinking Skills: Developing the Proactiveness Habit, What’s the #Strategy? Change ), Enter your email address ( Log Out / Sometimes a project is called a programme. Regardless of the situation, if you are interested in the Program Management Professional certification or PgMP®, make sure the program you describe in the application as TIGHT as possible. Mind mapping. Program management addresses the management of project management. By Fister Gale, Sarah The public school system in Tacoma, Washington, USA needed to transform its learning environment. Visual artists often collect their artwork in to a portfolio. There are different types of management like Project Management, planning Management, Program Management, portfolio Management etc. Project management fundamentals (tutorial) video on project vs program(me) vs portfolio management. As you can see there is a different between program and project management. In our example, program manager oversight creates unity between CRM project managers and sales organization management project managers. A business project is a temporary task, something with a start and end date. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. It would be extremely helpful if they would clarify that they are talking about portfolios of projects versus any other kinds of portfolio. The middle section belongs to program management, comprising various interrelated projects, and the last section houses project management. Rather, the project takes inputs and develops and implements a tactical plan. More than enough has been said about the differences between a project and a program, me I just want to know what the similarities are between the two. The Agile community argues, rightly, that you normally can’t get all of these at the same time. You question is one that many people have. In addition, sometimes project portfolios and programmes are mistakenly used interchangeably. For those interested in a detailed and comprehensive education on the range and scope of what Program and Portfolio Management encompasses, a terrific conference paper from PMI still actively makes the rounds titled, Program and Portfolio Managers Analysis of Roles and Responsibilities (Blomquist, T. & Müller, R. Paper presented at PMI® Research Conference: Innovations, London, England. Berrycast Premium Plan (Free for Our Bootcamp Customers), Project, Program, and Portfolio Life Cycle – Webinar, How to Best Complete Applications for PMP, PgMP, and PfMP (November 2020 Webinar), Preparing and Completing PMI Certification Applications (e.g. While it is true that program and project portfolio management occurs at similar scales of an enterprise, their scope often differs dramatically. The terms product management, program management, and project management are often associated with the software industry – especially product and program management. Although they sound similar, they refer to different concepts. Project Management is most concerned with delivery of capabilities, typically as defined within a programme. Risk and reward are considered and balanced, and programmes are selected based on their alignment with organisational strategy. Portfolio manager measures the aggregated performance. He is a recognized thought leader in designing and delivering strategic initiatives. Portfolio management concentrates on choosing the right projects. You also might want to see a similar article I wrote on this blog on “A Concise Guide to the Differences between Projects and Programs.”. Implications for Leaders of Strategic Initiatives. For that the differences between low and high performing organizations in their program/portfolio management practices, roles and project types were assessed on the level of individual questions of the questionnaire. While researching the differences between project, program and portfolio management, I came across your article. Posted on 21 Aug 2010 by Steven Thomas. Portfolios. Design Thinking: Five Landmarks for Strategic Initiatives, Seven Must-Do’s for Better Strategy Execution. A project can be a part of a program but a program cannot be a part of a project. Note that my focus is on strategic initiatives. The reader should also review A Concise Guide to the Difference Between Projects and Programs for more detail. There is often a misunderstanding about the terms Portfolio, Programme and Project Management, when it comes to programme management. Program management, on the other hand, is the act of … A project is a scheduled undertaking for the purpose of creating a product or service. Portfolio — is a subset of a program with multiple projects (2 or more) that have interdependencies Thanks, I welcome discussion from others. Monitoring and Control. PMBOK GuideProject Management includes, among many other things, balancing the project constraints. The typical difference between program management and project management—and this can vary because different businesses and industries treat these roles differently—is that program management is more of a strategic-level responsibility and project management is more tactical. In addition to project management, organizations are embracing program and portfolio management to address enterprise-level needs. Moreover, PPM is not at all tasked with the same duties as program management. Portfolios are often made up of programs, which are made up of projects … Program Management is the management and oversight of multiple interrelated projects. Project Portfolio management: Project portfolio management supersedes program management and project management within the organizational hierarchy. While many are familiar with the roles and responsibilities within classic “Project Management”, far less is known of the intricacy and complexity of the world of Program Management and Portfolio Management. What is the project risk management process? The standard way to explain the difference between program and project management goes something like this: Project Managers manage projects and Program Managers manage a portfolio of projects. Of course, in some companies, the Program Manager assumes the role of the Project Portfolio Manager, and thus the confusion. The following table shows differences along eight use dimensions. Factors. Difference between Project Management and Portfolio Management Agile teams normally flex scope. I mentioned that this is a complex topic. It’s not uncommon for an overlapping use of terms when it comes to project, program and portfolio management; and they are often interchanged with the assumption that they describe similar processes. Program — is managing a segment of work like training, safety or operations that have multiple portfolios with interdependent projects being worked ProjectManager.com has an award-winning Gantt chart that lets you establish phases, milestones and dependencies. At one extreme, a “soft program” is a collection of loosely related projects, which is more like a portfolio. This is also a form of risk management. Does my answer make sense? What is the Difference Between Project, Program and Portfolio Management? ( Log Out / We would like to republish this article on PM Hut, please either email us or contact us through the “Contact Us” form on the PM Hut website if you’re OK with this. 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Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. 0. votes. Project and portfolio management do require some of the same general skills, but despite their similar-sounding names, project management and portfolio management are actually quite different. Many organizations still struggle to answer this question. In general, program management involves much more of the big picture, strategic, corporate execution at a senior level with larger scale impact to company finances and business goal achievement. What is Project Management? Hoping this communication solicits your permission to discussion your article in class, Tuesday September 18, 2012. The Portfolio Management is a combination of different assets. Project Management focuses on a specific, singular project. For one, PPM involves more strategy and is more goal-driven than program management. Contact him at GregoryDGithens@cs.com or 419.424.1164. With the APM re-writing the Body of Knowledge being extended to cover project, programme and portfolio management can we expect different approaches to risk management each or will the same process apply to each level in the same way. It is noticed and appreciated! A program is a group of projects that are similar or related to one another, and which are often … In the attempt to write in a concise manner, I acknowledge that I have simplified numerous complex concepts of theory and practice. Project portfolio management has a larger scope and aim than project management. Portfolio management concentrates on choosing the right projects. The PMBOK definition nicely encapsulates this: Successful projects deliver on time, to budget and to specification (i.e. A program manager manages multiple projects, and sometimes multiple programs while a project manager manages the teams responsible for fulfilling the project and achieving its deliverables.. Generally speaking, a program manager has … Scope. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Figure 1: Diamond-E Model based alignment between strategy and portfolio project management adopted from (Yuming, Quan & Peng, 2007) Programme Management:-In the past, the term ‘programme’ has many synonyms that have been used, including multi project, portfolio of projects, macro project, and complex change (Ferns, 1991). – Prof. Dr. Te Wu, the founder Project Management training firm, Program Management Improvement and Accountability Act PMIAA. Given below is an attempt to explain the basic differences between … Programs. (We respect your privacy). Each treats risk as uncertain events that affect the outcome and are subject to managerial control. Knowing these concepts and understanding their differences is essential to pass the The governance processes of Program Management and Project Portfolio Management are similar; for one example, both apply roll-up reporting of the individual components for the purposes of monitoring, control, and decision making. Before Praxis arrived an aspiring project or program manager would have to look at several courses to learn the core skills of a competent, well-rounded manager. Article PMO, Strategy, Portfolio Management, Program Management, Change Management 1 January 2019 . Greg Githens provides coaching, workshops, hands-on, and more. Finally a question that is about the similarities, and not the differences between a project and a program. Pingback: Director Business Transformation: Position Description & Relationship to Strategic Initiatives | Leading Strategic Initiatives, Pingback: Vision into Results….Introducing Leading Strategic Initiatives | Leading Strategic Initiatives, Pingback: Why Your Organization Will Perform Better With Fewer Strategic Initiatives: Six Bits Evidence | Leading Strategic Initiatives, Pingback: Use the As-Is-&-To-Be Table to Clarify Strategic Initiative Vision | Leading Strategic Initiatives, Pingback: Strategy-as-Story: The ABCDE Model | Leading Strategic Initiatives, Hello Greg A portfolio management decision is really a very simple decision: do I invest or do I disinvest? The most successful organizations have fewer strategic programs, and these programs are staffed with the best resources. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Projects and programs form portfolios. ( Log Out / Anyway, here's how a project and a program are similar: - Both have a start date: In fact, the start date of a program is the same as the start of the first project falling under the program. I am a student at Keller Graduate School of Management, Devry University; reading Business Administration, with a concentration in Project Management. Breaking Down Project, Program, and Portfolio Management Difference Between Issue, Risk, and Change in a PMO Follow me on Twitter My Tweets Random Glossary term. … I think that many people in the project management community (including those who write books) are confused about portfolio management and just start making up their own definitions. Programs and projects are both in the realm of implementation. This article provides comprehension into the contrast of the three mentioned terms. Te Wu, the founder Project Management training firm PMO Advisory is among the few people in the world certified in Project (PMP), Program (PgMP), Portfolio (PfMP), and Risk Management … People often get confused with project vs. program vs. portfolio so I thought I would give a quick rundown of the differences. Hello Greg, For those interested in a detailed and comprehensive education on the range and scope of what Program and Portfolio Management encompasses, a terrific conference paper from PMI still actively makes the rounds titled, Program and Portfolio Managers Analysis of Roles and Responsibilities, Blomquist, T. & Müller, R. Paper presented at PMI® Research Conference: Innovations, London, England. Along with differences in projects and the associated application of program and portfolio management in organizations the roles and responsibilities of the respective managers differ. This is a key difference between project, program, and portfolio management: scope — and it’s often where the realm of project management ends, and program management begins. While project managers have to look at the scope of an individual endeavor, portfolio managers look at numerous projects and piece the connection between them. Facilitating the Business Model Canvas: A Few Lessons Learned (Part 1), Designing Strategic Initiatives for Results: The Two Kinds of Coherence, The Real Reason Strategy Implementation is Difficult (and the Solution to It), Grasping Essentials When You’re NOT the Expert, Competencies of Strategic Initiative Leaders, Strategy, Ambiguity, and Strong-Minded Thinking, Success Principles for Strategic Initiatives, A core problem is that “strategic alignment” is only useful in the context of the kind of strategy under consideration. How can this knowledge help you lead a strategic initiative? A final difference between project and program — particularly at the program level — is the understanding that program management offers benefits that can’t be realized from managing projects individually. The Portfolio Management is a combination of different assets. Project vs Program, plus the difference between Project and Program Managers. P3M Levels: programme, project, portfolio and product management. A project is a scheduled undertaking for the purpose of creating a product or service. Programs usually span a far greater duration than a project. Within the project portfolio or program, managers make goal-oriented decisions that are consistent with an intended strategic outcome. It appears to me that Program Management and Project Portfolio Management have more similarities than differences; thus, I grouped them together and contrasted them with classical Portfolio Management. The highest order (most strategic) concept is portfolios, and portfolios are investment tools that align with the strategy. ( Log Out / Project management is the act of creating plans and managing resources in order to accomplish a project. The project risk management process is well known. This article clarifies the differences between program management, portfolio management, and program management along 8 dimensions: purpose, temporal nature, aggregation, strategic alignment, success criteria, risk, decisions, & competencies. A strategic initiatives are programs (thus amenable to program management tools) but not all programs are strategic initiatives. So the buzz words are “highly related” and “more benefits”. However, you are likely to encounter them in fields as diverse as manufacturing, marketing and retail. While many are familiar with the roles and responsibilities within classic “Project Management”, far less is known of the intricacy and complexity of the world of Program Management and Portfolio Management. One of the key distinguishing features about Project Portfolio Management is that it is a process that is clearly characterised by business leadership alignment. asked 9 years ago by anonymous. A good portfolio is diversified (to manage risk) and composed of those assets or projects that have the best value (considering long term or short term perspective). It is essentially involved with overseeing a collection of programs and projects. Breaking Down Project, Program, and Portfolio Management Difference Between Issue, Risk, and Change in a PMO Follow me on Twitter My Tweets Random Glossary term. The line between project management and project portfolio management is often blurred because people attempt to accomplish all of the tasks we discussed under the heading of project management. Just as there is a difference between the scopes of project management, program management, and portfolio management, there is also a difference between project management software and project portfolio management software. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. People often get confused with project vs. program vs. portfolio so I thought I would give a quick rundown of the differences. Related: How Program Managers Use Software to Manage Project Portfolios The Difference Between a Program Manager and a Project Manager. Greg Githens explains four implications for leaders of strategic initiatives: meaning of strategic alignment, number of strategic … Keep reading for a detailed look: Portfolio Management Project — is temporary work that produce an outcome (product) with a definable starting and stoping point (doing “new stuff”). Your definition of project is sound. Experienced professionals don’t always agree on the terms and distinctions. between various projects which have been grouped to gether. Given below are some difference between a portfolio, program, and project for a better understanding of the three terms: Factors Projects Programs Portfolios; Monitoring and Control : Project management is in charge of taking care of the project and its deliverables. Portfolio Leadership style – Portfolio Managers add value to the portfolio decisions. A project portfolio manager has a broadened view of all the organization’s projects. scope and including associated qualityimplications). Newtown Square, PA: Project Management Institute). Is it Possible to Have a Perfect Strategy? A program is a collection of projects and other things that are managed together because you get benefits greater than managing them individually. What is PPM? All strategic initiatives are programs, but not all programs are strategic initiatives. by admin | May 25, 2018 | Management, Portfolio Management, Program Management, Project Management, I often get this question – what’s the difference between project, program, and portfolio – the triple P’s in PPP management. However, the primary challenge of project portfolio management is to ensure that all programs and projects are always aligned with the strategic … But in fact, the three terms describe three very different practices. Programme Leadership style – The Programme Manager is the leader with the vision. Using program governance, program manager monitors and controls the program. Both project and portfolio management each focus on achieving goals in a timely and resourceful fashion. PM skills will generally focus more on the ability to manage the individuals working on the project in question. There are different types of management like Project Management, planning Management, Program Management, portfolio Management etc. In daily lives across most organizations, the distinction of “high related” and “more benefits” are often blurred. – Prof. Dr. Te Wu, the founder Project Management training firm PMO Advisory is among the few people in the world certified in Project (PMP), Program (PgMP), Portfolio (PfMP), and Risk Management (PMI-RMP). Projects Programs Portfolio Definition (ISO) A project is a unique process consisting of a set of co-ordinated and controlled activities with start and finish dates, undertaken … Projects. This is probably the most comprehensive article distinguishing between portfolio and program management. Since projects are investment and since most organizations have finite resources, it’s important to focus and pick the best investment choices. Project management is in charge of taking care of the project and its deliverables. A portfolio can consist of multiple programs or multiple projects without having a single program. Praxis trims the fat - compiling the necessary … Project Management, Program Management, and Portfolio Management are very important terms in project scope management. Product management is a closely related discipline and as most software organisations do product development I’ll include it in the discussion. Pingback: A Concise Guide to the Differences between Programs and Projects | Leading Strategic Initiatives, Pingback: Vice President, Director, Manager of Strategic Initiatives: Position Description Best Practices | Leading Strategic Initiatives. Although, the words seem similar there are some differences. Standards in project portfolio management and program management are still maturing. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The terms “project,” “program” and “portfolio” are deployed day-to-day in business language. While project management is about directing a single project successfully, project portfolio management is about selecting and successfully executing the right projects for the organization. Portfolio Management focuses on the evaluation, scoping, prioritization, capacity planning, financial management and reporting of its affiliated projects/programs. A program manager manages multiple projects, and sometimes multiple programs while a project manager manages the teams responsible for fulfilling the project and achieving its deliverables.. Generally speaking, a program manager has … Best in Class. A portfolio is not a subset of a program. Portfolio management concentrates on choosing the right projects. Our research has shown that portfolio management is a way to bridge the gap between strategy and implementation. To be specific, the emergence of related but different fields of program management and project portfolio management has changed the … I appreciate your article and table here. PMP, PgMP, PfMP, PMI-ACP, PMI-RMP). So here is the short answer. A second example of portfolio management is common in firms who are involved in new product development: they make sure their mix of new products has some line extensions and also some breakthroughs. Related: How Program Managers Use Software to Manage Project Portfolios The Difference Between a Program Manager and a Project Manager. Anyone care to list them? Do you agree? This chapter introduces projects and project management, describes the differences between project, program, and portfolio management, discusses the role of the project, program, and portfolio manager, and What is the difference between projectmanagement and program management? Does employee trust impact organizational performance? What Is The Difference Between Project Management And Portfolio Management? Considering the differences in scale, scope, and task, the skill sets of project management and portfolio project management may be complementary, but they are not the same. Most every person who is planning for retirement is making some sort of active decisions on their investment, and they shift the mix of assets to correspond with risk. At the other extreme is the “tight program” in which PMI advocates. You could think of programs as a superset of projects. In fact, there are 5 fundamental differences between the roles: 1. Difference between programme, project, portfolio and product management. They should never use the term portfolio management when they really are talking about projects. The main target of portfolio management is to decrease the risk of the stakeholders and maximize the profit of all stakeholders. Newtown Square, PA: Project Management Institute). It helps you set the project management processes and measure the project results; The Difference between Portfolio Management and Program Management. Project Management Institute, PMI, Project Management Professional, Project Management Professional (PMP), PMP, Program Management Professional (PgMP), PgMP, Portfolio Management Professional (PfMP), PfMP, PMI Risk Management Professional (PMI-RMP), PMI-RMP, Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM), CAPM, PMI Scheduling Professional (PMI-SP), PMI-SP, PMI Professional in Business Analysis (PMI-PBA), PMI-PBA, PMBOK, the PMI Talent Triangle and its Logo, and the PMI REP Logo are registered marks of the Project Management Institute, Inc. There is confusion between the term project management and program management. Many PMP aspirants don’t know the differences between them. The way I have explained these terms have been in the following order (relying on my organizational development background): I encourage you to place the term portfolio management into the search function of an online bookstore; you will get an excellent peek into the rich literature of portfolio management. I have been a project manager and i have been a program manager (training) within an organization. Programs are Ongoing, Projects End. Both are selected via the portfolio management processes on the basis that they support or enable one or more of the organization's key strategic initiatives. Please bookmark this article with your social media. Using program governance, program manager monitors and controls the program. Such definitions leave much to be desired. He or she needs to be able to intelligently discuss this question: But the concept of program can be more confusing. Projects need to be strategy-driven, but do not own the strategic initiative as does a programme. My goal is to provide useful insights to strategic initiative practitioners. I think where I get confused is the distinctions between project portfolio management and an investment portfolio. Priorities are set through an appropriate value optimisation process for the organisation. Project management is the act of creating plans and managing resources in order to accomplish a project. Portfolio management aligns with organizational strategies by selecting the right programs or projects, prioritizing the work, and providing the needed resources. Strategy as Problem Solving: An Example from a Large Technology Organization. Sometimes a programme is called a project. They have led to the myth that Program Management is glorified Project Management. Michael, While the roles of the project manager and program manager vary from company to company, there are some unique aspects that characterize the two. These successful organizations are skilled at portfolio management; that is, they understand how to invest and disinvest in programs and projects. Portfolio refers to a group of related or non-related projects or programs. The Differences Between Managing Projects and Programs In many respects, the management of projects and programs appears similar. Given below is my attempt to explain the basic differences between Projects, Programs and Portfolio. It refers to the centralized management of one or more project portfolios to achieve strategic objectives. The leader of a strategic initiative is accountable for delivering turning vision into results, and is navigating through considerable ambiguity with strategic thinking skills: Do these distinctions make sense to you? In PRINC… A portfolio refers to projects, programs, sub-portfolios, and operations managed as a group to achieve strategic objectives. One complexity is that some practitioners use the term Portfolio Management to refer to both “Project Portfolio Management,” as well as what I call “classic Portfolio Management.”. Mind mapping. Project Management. So here is the short answer. Here is a third example. 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